Bleeding gingiva is mostly a sign of gum disease, but it can also be a sign of numerous other problems with the health as well. If you don’t clean your teeth properly or if you are using a hard brush, that may cause serious problems to the teeth and gum.
If you are wondering why your gums bleed, here are the top ten reasons
Traumatic injuries of the gingiva, lack of vitamin K, blood disease are some of the many things that can cause bleeding gums. We find the top ten reasons why your gums are bleeding.
1. Poor oral hygiene
Gums may bleed when they are irritated, and this often happens when people fail to maintain their teeth clean. A lot of people do not brush the teeth properly and this leads to accumulating dental plaque, tartar and then decay. After that, the gingiva will be irritated and red, swollen and painful and then it bleeds at the slightest provocation.
2. Lack of vitamin C
Medicine characterized it as a disease, and it happens when you don’t include enough fruits and vegetables in your diet. This leads to swelling, pain, the gums are bleeding easily and you can lose the teeth.
3. Traumatic injuries of the gingiva
This can happen because of the fanatical brushing or using a hard toothbrush which can harm the gums. Therefore you should be using a soft brush and you should change the toothbrush in every 3 months.
4. Deficiency of vitamin K
This vitamin is a significant factor in the clotting process of blood in the body. Hence, when vitamin K is deficient, the risk of bleeding on some part of the body – including the gums – is growing. Intestinal microflora in our body is the main source of this vitamin. If you used oral antibiotics for a long time they may destroy the abdominal microflora, and it could increase the tendency to bleed.
5. Blood disorders
There is a whole range of bleeding diseases. They can be genetic and idiopathic (of unknown origin) – including thrombocytopenic purpura, von Willebrand disease, etc. which increases our general tendency towards bleeding. The first one can be manifested through bleeding gums. So you should never ignore bleeding gums because they can be a mirror of more serious problems.
6. Some kind of medication
Today it is quite common to find people living with chronic diseases who need to use drugs regularly every day. Certain drugs such as aspirin and clopidogrel that are given to patients at risk of heart attack or stroke, drugs given for epilepsy, cancer, chemotherapy, etc. can cause the gingiva to bleed.
7. Crooked teeth or teeth with an inappropriate layer of seal
This position of the teeth can make them inaccessible for cleaning and the routine brush can lead to bleeding. Crooked teeth can also lead to trapped food between adjacent teeth. Like a result of that, it can cause the gingiva to become inflamed and bleed easily when we are chewing something.
8. Liver disease
The liver is the main organ that produces many factors, it forms an important part of the process of coagulation in our bodies. So any kind of liver disease or chronic alcoholism that disrupts the metabolism of the liver can lead to bleeding gums.
9. Certain types of cancer
The specific type of cancers such as leukemia (blood cancer) or multiple myelomas (bone cancer) can cause gingival bleeding. Unlike these diseases mentioned above, there may be many other reasons that can lead to disease of gums and possible bleeding like tobacco use, stress, radiation therapy, HIV, etc.
10. Hormonal changes in women
This can appear at different stages in a woman’s life, such as when she reaches puberty, during pregnancy or postmenopausal. These changes also occur regularly during stressful periods or during the use of oral contraceptive pills. Hormonal imbalance increases the chances of bleeding from the gingival collector.
If you notice that your gingiva is bleeding, make an appointment with your stomatologist to determinate what is causing your gums to bleed. You will need to make complete blood test and physical examination, and according to your condition, the doctor will prescribe you a treatment.